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2017 Books

2017 Medical

Type 2 Diabetes - Do Genes and Diet Interact?

By Beverleigh H Piepers  

Much has been written on how genes affect our body and how nutrition affects us, but what about genes and nutrition together? According to research reported on in the British Journal of Nutrition in January 2017, genes and diet can combine to do more than either could do alone. Scientists at the University of Singapore and several other Scientists in the United States and China compared insulin resistance in identical and non-identical twins. In Type 2 diabetes the body is resistant to insulin. Both dietary fat and family history are linked with insulin resistance. So what happens when the two occur together?

A total of 162 pairs of identical twins and 149 non-identical twins in southeastern China were included...

•             identical twins had more diabetes-related attributes than non-identical twins.

The dietary fat intake, insulin sensitivity, and insulin resistance were strongly linked genetically, linked more closely in identical than non-identical twins...

•             dietary fat intake was 52 percent genetic.

•             fasting glucose and insulin levels were 70 percent genetic.

The amount of dietary fat changed the genetic effects, showing an interaction.

All of which is to say individuals with a family history of Type 2 diabetes in parents or siblings need to control their fat intake. According to Kansas State University in the United States, fat should take up 30 percent of an adult's total calories. A total of 45 to 65 percent of calories per day should be made up of carbohydrates, and the protein intake should be 0.8 to 1.0 grams of protein per kg of body weight.

To calculate the number of calories needed for a woman to maintain her present weight, add 655.1 to 9.6 times her weight in kilograms, add 1.9 times her height in centimeters and subtract 4.7 times her age...

•             Women: BEE (basic energy expenditure) = 655.1 + 9.6(W) + 1.9(H) - 4.7(A)

To find a man's BEE or basic energy expenditure add 66.5 to 13.5 times his weight in kilograms, add five times his height in centimeters, and subtract 6.8 times his age:

•             Men: BEE = 66.5 + 13.8(W) + 5.0(H) - 6.8(A)

To determine the amount of fat needed for maintenance multiply the BEE by 0.30.

Fat contains nine calories per gram. Someone needing 1500 calories per day needs 450 calories in fat. To find the number of grams, divide 1500 calories by nine calories per gram. The total amount of fat grams required per day would be 167 grams.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.

For nearly 25 years, Beverleigh Piepers has searched for and found a number of secrets to help you build a healthy body. Go to http://DrugFreeType2Diabetes.com to learn about some of those secrets.

The answer isn't in the endless volumes of available information but in yourself.


Tips For Avoiding The Onset Of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

By Karl P Borrows 

Most of the time, you simply can't escape the winter blues. This is particularly true if going to a sunny, warm place is impossible for you. In such instances, you will have no choice but to stay and find ways to deal with the current cold, gloomy weather conditions.

In case the effects of the gloomy weather are still getting to you and your depression is getting worse, it may be time for you to see a therapist and find out if you are suffering from Seasonal Affective Disorder or SAD. This is a form of downheartedness that occurs when you develop symptoms of depression during the darker and cold winter months each year. Because this is prevalent during winter, it is also known as the winter blues and winter depression.

The good news is that this is a condition that can easily beat by following certain tips and strategies. These include the following:

Change your diet for this season. The food you eat and don't eat can play an important role in uplifting your mood during the cold season. As much as possible, drink lukewarm water and reduce or avoid drinking cold water with ice. Also, add warm spices such as cayenne, black pepper, garlic, ginger, and horseradish to the dishes you cook. You can also increase vegetable temperatures by stir frying them in a wok or by lightly steaming them.

Paint your walls with a brighter color. The color of your home can help greatly in alleviating your mood. According to experts, the best options to go for include yellow, orange, red, and copper tones. These colors can cheer up the dimmest of moods and bring warmth into your life even when the sky is grey and the dim earth tones are all around.

Invest in some new light bulbs. The brighter your home and rooms are, the better your mood will be during winter. You can get full spectrum bulbs and use them during the season. You can also consider getting a SAD light or light therapy lamp since they are designed to provide feelings of calmness and peace.

Enjoy aromatherapy. Essential oils and aromatherapies can help with SAD since they target the part of the brain that is responsible for mood control, sleep, and hunger. Light scented candles or use the right device and oils that soothe you for this.

Take warm baths frequently. Lastly, if you have or want to take a bath, do so in a bathtub. Wrap yourself in a warm cotton or wool when you get out of the tub. Also, wrap your wet hair up tight and blow it dry immediately. This is because the head is where you lose a high percentage of heat and compounding this with evaporation from wet hair will eventually leave you with a cold head.

Read more about SAD and SAD light therapy here.

Understanding the Basics of Breast Cancer

By Areg Boyamyan  

There is no sense in worrying about something that you don't understand or know much about. Breast cancer carries the stigma of an indiscriminate killer but there is much about this disease that people do not know. If you are worried about it, you should know why it is legitimate to worry and why, in some ways, it isn't.

Breast Cancer Statistics

According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 252,710 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women in 2017. About 63,410 new cases of CIS (carcinoma in situ), the earliest and non-invasive form of breast cancer, will be diagnosed the same year. Additionally, about 40,610 women will die from the disease.

These numbers are significant as breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women, but there is another important number to put these into perspective: The total number of women living in the United States today is over 120 million, or 120,000,000 numerically. Just over three million of these are breast cancer survivors (including women who are still being treated and those who have completed treatment).

It is a dangerous disease and should be taken seriously, but it is by no means a death sentence thanks to advances in medicine and in improving understanding of the relationship of cancer to the body.

What Is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer begins when cells in the breast start to grow out of control. These cells often form a tumor, which may be felt as a lump or seen on an x-ray. The tumor is considered cancer (malignant) if the cells invade surrounding tissues or metastasize to farther areas of the body. While the disease occurs predominantly in women, it is possible for men to get it.

Most breast cancers start in the milk ducts (ductal cancers) while others start in the glands that make breast milk (lobular cancers). There are also other, less common, forms. It is important to note that not all cause a lump in the breast, so being aware of other signs and symptoms is valuable. Any lump or change (even if just in appearance) needs to be checked by a doctor.

Mutations in DNA can cause normal breast cells to become cancerous. Certain DNA changes can be inherited from parents and can greatly increase a person's breast cancer risk. Other risk factors include lifestyle factors such as your level of exercise and what you eat. While research is still being in conducted in this area, there is a consensus that eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and avoiding any known risk factors can help reduce one's risk. Hormones are also said to play a role in many cases.

How It Spreads

When cancer cells get into the lymph or blood system, it can be carried to other parts of the body. Your lymph system is a network of lymphatic vessels throughout the body that connect lymph nodes and carry lymph fluid, helping rid the body of toxins, waste, and other unwanted materials. The primary function of the lymphatic system, however, is to transport the lymph fluid, which contains white blood cells, throughout the body.

Know Your Risk, Own Your Health

Being well-informed about any risks to your good health is important, not just for shaping your lifestyle, but in decisions for the future. That's where we come in! At reveal23, we are committed to providing individuals with affordable access to genetic cancer testing so you can find out what your DNA says about your health. To order your testing kit, or to find out more about genetic testing, visit our website today: https://reveal23.com/.


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