The Sovereign Psyche: Systems of Chattel Freedom vs. Self-Authentic Freedom

by Ezrah Aharone

247 Pages, Nonfiction, Softcover and Hardcover

"The Sovereign Psyche" is not just the title of the book.  More importantly "The Sovereign Psyche" is the motivating consciousness, intellect, and willpower that is necessary to materialize what the book defines as "Self-Authentic Freedom" as opposed to "Chattel Freedom." Chattel Freedom is when the value of a people is predicated upon the extent to which they serve the interests and institutions of others.

As such, this work asserts that there is no such thing as intellectual or institutional equality, and that Black/African people have been unknowingly thrusted into an "intellectual and institutional war," where second-place finishers either experience varying degrees of chattel freedom or they could end-up dead.

The book shows how world systems revolve around pecking orders of sovereignty and power, not democracy or equality, which is why Jeffersonian Democracy has proven unsuitable to redress the most crucial of Black America's needs.  In response, Aharone diagrams a course for an "overdue" intellectual and institutional revolution to combat racial issues that neither time nor legislation has resolved since 1865.

Regardless of the issue or aim, "genuine solutions entail what we as Black/African people intellectually and institutionally do for ourselves" Aharone writes.  "If 'Black Lives Matter' then we as Black people must channel the end-uses of our intellect and the resources of our institutions to not only prove and enforce it, but also leverage powers to penalize and/or repudiate violators."

Although this work centers upon Black/African people, the sovereign functions and frameworks are universal in application.  In this context, Aharone writes that "the sovereign concepts and criteria presented are far more rational than radical being that 'The Sovereign Psyche' will not only remain a driving force of 21st-century freedom, but those who do not embrace it will be subjugated to those who do."

The central question is, to what extent will Black/African people harness the willpower and employ the intellect of "The Sovereign Psyche" to actualize our own systems and institutions of self-authentic freedom, government, and development, without apology or permission?  This work offers the ideological apparatus to make this possible, just as others are doing all around the globe.

Ezrah Aharone is a scholar of Sovereign Studies and an Adjunct Associate Professor at Delaware State University.  He is the author of the political books Sovereign Evolution andPawned Sovereignty which Rolling Out Magazine reviewed as being “a collector’s item, alongside Welsing's Isis Papers and Woodson's Mis-Education of the Negro.”  Born in Newark and raised in Passaic, NJ, he is a graduate of Hampton University.  He has lived and worked in West Africa where he is now a business and political consultant (see 

Amazon and Sky Greenlight Original Dramatic Series Britannia

Currently in production and set for a 2017 debut, Sky and Amazon's first co-production is written by the multi-award winning Jez Butterworth and stars Kelly Reilly, David Morrissey and Zoe Wanamaker; Series will launch exclusively to Prime members in the US

Amazon and Sky announced it has added Britannia to its lineup of dramatic Amazon Original Series in the US and Sky Original Dramas in the UK. Britannia is written by the multi-award winning Jez Butterworth (Jerusalem, Spectre) and stars Kelly Reilly (True Detective, Sherlock Holmes), David Morrissey (The Walking Dead, The Hollow Crown) and Zoe Wanamaker (Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, My Family). Filmed completely abroad, Britannia is set in 43AD as the Roman Imperial Army, determined and terrified in equal measure, returns to crush the Celtic heart of Britannia, a mysterious land ruled by wild warrior women and powerful Druids who can channel the powerful forces of the underworld. Britannia is scheduled to premiere on Sky 1 in the UK and Ireland, and on Prime Video in the U.S. in 2017.

"We're thrilled to be collaborating with Sky on this series entirely produced overseas," said Roy Price, Vice President, Digital Video and Amazon Studios. "Our customers will experience a cinematic world with bold characters anchored in a ruthless period of history."

"This is one of the most ambitious dramas we've ever made and one of the most exciting," said Anne Mensah, Sky's Head of Drama. "Jez Butterworth has written an incredible drama that is entertaining and emotional but also asks important questions about what drives men and women to stand and fight; this is a battle for the heart of Britain like you've never seen before."

Britannia is produced by Rick McCallum (Star Wars) and executive produced by Vertigo Films' James Richardson (Monsters, Bronson) with Pippa Harris and Nicolas Brown from Neal Street Productions (Penny Dreadful, Call the Midwife) and Anne Thomopolous (Rome, Band of Brothers). The series is written by Jez and Tom Butterworth (Fortitude, Tin Star) with Richard McBrien (Spooks, Merlin).

In the US, Britannia adds to a growing roster of dramatic Amazon Original Series, including The Man in the High Castle, Bosch and Hand of God, as well as upcoming series Goliath, Good Girls Revolt, Sneaky Pete and Patriot. In the UK, Britannia joins 12 original drama series already on air or set to air over the next couple of years on Sky Atlantic and Sky 1 including The Young Pope, Hooten & The Lady, Guerrilla, Tin Star, Delicious, Riviera, Jamestown and The Last Dragonslayer, as well as returning series including Fortitude and Agatha Raisin. The news also follows a successful year for Sky original drama, with BAFTA nominations for The Last Panthers and The Enfield Haunting and record-breaking audiences for Stan Lee's Lucky Man on Sky 1.

The international distribution rights (excluding the US) for Britannia will be handled by Sky Vision, Sky's international production and distribution arm. WME and Sky Vision negotiated the deal with Amazon.

Quick Helpful Tips on Academic Writing

By Mohamed Ibrahim  

Writing an academic text, such as an essay or dissertation, requires certain rules to be observed.

Below are a few tips, aimed at university students, postgraduates, researchers and academics, that should hopefully help you avoid certain mistakes when you write your academic text.

1) Language

Avoid using colloquial English

Original: The critic said no he cannot accept this argument, and that he would knock it down logically.

Amended: The critic refused to accept this argument, stating that he would follow a logical approach to refute it.

Original: This scientific paper makes sure that the phenomenon is well talked about.

Amended: This scientific paper ensure that the phenomenon is well discussed.

2) Active/Passive

Writing your thesis, dissertation or academic journal in the active voice is much more preferred than using the passive voice. This is because it makes your copy clear to readers.

Original: Proofreading services are believed by students in the UK to be important.

Amended: Students in the UK believe that proofreading and editing services are important.

Original: My essay is thought to be up to academic standard by my supervisor.

Amended: My supervisor thinks that my essay is up to academic standard.

3) Contractions

Do not use any contracted forms of words. Detail the words.

Original: The author couldn't support his argument in the dissertation

Amended: The author could not support his argument in the dissertation

Original: This article doesn't highlight the importance of accurate scientific paper writing.

Amended: This article does not highlight the importance of accurate scientific paper writing.

4) End of sentences

Although it is grammatically acceptable, it is widely thought that when writing for academic purposes, sentences should not end with prepositions.

Original: I discussed with my supervisor all the themes that I had to be aware of.

Amended: I discussed with my supervisor all the themes of which I had to be aware.

Original: During the lecture, our teacher told us about all references that we could benefit from.

Amended: During the lecture, our teacher told us about all references from which we could benefit.

5) Checking

One of the main mistakes any academic could make is to write their own essay or dissertation and rush it to their supervisors and professors without proper revision.

A piece of writing as important as a dissertation or an academic paper, should be checked and proofread carefully to ensure all points above have been observed.

Mohamed Ibrahim is an editor with the Ultimate Proofreader, a UK-based proofreading, editing and paraphrasing service provider.